Resource Database

©Danilo Lima, Agripalm Ambiental

The RRC database contains a wide variety of resources and publications related to ecological restoration, and we are actively working to expand this collection. It is our aim to serve as the principal clearinghouse for information and tools to support the work of researchers, practitioners, land managers, educators, students, and anyone else interested in restoration. Use the filter tool below to search the database by title, author, resource type, keyword, or any combination of these factors.

Although SER does review all entries in the database for relevance and quality, these resources have not been rigorously reviewed or extensively vetted in every case, and SER therefore makes no claim as to their accuracy or accordance with generally accepted principles in the field. The database is provided as a resource for visitors to the SER website, and it is ultimately left to the individual user to make their own determinations about the quality and veracity of a given publication or resource.

If there is a resource we missed, please let us know! We are interested in current books, articles, technical documents, videos, and other resources that are directly relevant to ecological restoration science, practice or policy, as well as resources treating the social, cultural and economic dimensions of restoration.

Publication Year:
Resource Type
Keyword
Title
Author

 

Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity

In celebration of the International Day for Biological Diversity on 22 May 2018, Wiley has put together a special collection of over 100 research articles from 12 journals highlighting important contributions to advancing the understanding, protection, and preservation of biodiversity. Articles come from numerous fields in the natural and social sciences. They are free to share, read and download for a limited time.

Resource Type: Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: various

Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources

The Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetics Resources (RNGR) website is a popular resource for those who grow or outplant native plants for reforestation, restoration, or conservation. The site hosts a national directory of forestry and conservation nurseries, a calendar of relevant events, and access to a repository of approximately 15,000 articles  (searchable and free to download). The site also includes pages specific to tropical plants, tribal nurseries, and seed.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing

Roadside revegetation: An integrated approach to establishing native plants and pollinator habitat

The roadsides of the United States play an important role in the conservation of declining wild pollinators and in supporting the health of managed pollinators. The An Integrated Approach to Establishing Native Plants and Pollinator Habitat program provides current best practices for planning, designing, and implementing a revegetation project that will also create habitat for pollinators. The web resource offers a comprehensive Roadside Revegetation Report detailing the complete roadside revegetation process, from project initiation, through monitoring and management. It is also home to the Ecoregional Revegetation Application online tool and a Roadside Revegetation online library.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing

US Army Corps of Engineers Ecosystem Restoration Gateway

Ecosystem Restoration is one of the primary missions of the Civil Works program. The purpose of Civil Works ecosystem restoration activities is to restore significant ecosystem function, structure, and dynamic processes that have been degraded. Ecosystem restoration efforts involve a comprehensive examination of the problems contributing to the system degradation, and the development of alternative means for their solution. The intent of restoration is to partially or fully reestablish the attributes of a naturalistic, functioning, and self-regulating system.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: N/A

US Army Corps of Engineers Management Measures Digital Library

The purpose of this site is to identify and describe examples of selected ecosystem engineering features or management measures and their components. This site is not intended to be a design manual, but rather to provide sufficient information to stimulate plan formulation and assist planners in identifying what’s out there and to “visualize” how a management measure or engineering feature may be applicable to their project.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: N/A

Ecological Management & Restoration (EMR) Project Summaries

The Australasian journal Ecological Management & Restoration (EMR) is open to submission of short summaries (or groups of linked summaries) of 300-700 words on any interesting ecosystem rehabilitation or restoration project in Australia that is already showing good or promising results. These project summaries are published on an open-access website managed by the journal’s editorial team. They are not a peer-reviewed manuscript type in EMR, but are checked for clarity and content by the project summaries editor.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: N/A

Restoration Evidence

Restoration Evidence is a free resource that aims to make ecological restoration more effective by providing evidence on which restoration actions work, and which don’t. The searchable website contains summaries of scientific research on the effects of actions to restore habitats, in order to support decision making.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: launched in 2018

Students & Emerging Professionals

SER has launched a new membership category for Students and Emerging Professionals (SEP). SER recognizes that this group of individuals is vital to promoting the science and practice of ecological restoration, connecting newcomers with established leaders in the field, and integrating new ideas with accepted restoration practices. SER hopes that membership in the SEP category will foster communication and collaboration among individuals within the organization and provide the tools and knowledge needed for students to successfully enter careers in Ecological Restoration. SER has developed an SEP committee to promote these efforts. During this webinar, SER board members and staff will discuss resources available to SER SEP members including virtual discussion boards, the job board, and the Restoration Resource Center as well as ways by which interested SER members can become involved with the SEP committee.

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2019

Demystifying the CERP Application Process

Join SER’s Certification Program Coordinator Jen Lyndall to learn about the CERP program application process including the top 5 most frequently asked questions by applicants.

Resource Type:
Publication Date: 2019

Connecting Science & People

Community members are often instrumental to the success (or the delay) of science-based projects yet are sometimes considered late in the project timeline. Dive into the complexities of communications planning, “public” awareness, and collaboration with partners with Samara Group, an Oregon-based consulting firm that specializes in complex science-based communications and community engagement.

Supplemental references can be found here: https://www.samarapdx.com/blog/2018/11/13/connecting-science-and-people

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2019

The Society for Ecological Restoration Northwest Chapter 2019 Graduate Student Colloquia: Day 1

Assessing the effects of meadow restoration on Sierra Nevada amphibians using eDNA (Nicolette Nelson)

Managers in the Sierra Nevada are increasingly restoring degraded wet meadows in order to recover essential ecosystem services (e.g. water storage and carbon sequestration) and to benefit native wildlife. These projects may increase available habitat for federally-listed amphibians, but some projects have unintentionally prompted the spread of invasive species that negatively impact native amphibians through predation, competition, and disease. Rare amphibians, early-stage invasive colonizers, and pathogens are difficult to observe using traditional survey methods, so we used environmental DNA (eDNA) to determine the net impacts of wet meadow restoration on sensitive amphibians. Our results suggest that wet meadow restoration in the Sierra Nevada has not directly benefited sensitive amphibians.

Use of Museum Material to Reconstruct the Extirpated Fauna of the Los Angeles River (Rachel Turba de Paula)

After extirpation of species in their natural habitat, museum samples are usually the only potential source of DNA. For restoration plans to be successful, we need to clearly understand what has been lost. Museum material stored at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County will be used to investigate extirpated populations of unarmored threespine stickleback, a species of freshwater unionid clam, as well as an extinct and endemic species of shrimp. In this chapter, we will investigate the success of different protocols on extractions of formalin-fixed material, dried tissues and shells, which can secondarily be extended to a hybridization capture approach for genome sequencing. Results will be used to answer questions about relationships between extant and extirpated populations and should clarify options for appropriate restoration of the Los Angeles Basin.

Resource Type:
Publication Date: 2019

The Society for Ecological Restoration Northwest Chapter 2019 Graduate Student Colloquia: Day 2

Community Science for the 21st century, a tool of Environmental Justice (Emma MacDonald).

Emma MacDonald is currently a graduate student within IslandWood and Antioch University’s Urban Environmental Education program. This program is a novel approach to traditional Environmental Education pedagogy, emphasizing environmental leadership, social justice, and expanding place-based experiential learning to include the built environments of our cities. Emma has a background in conservation research and ecological restoration through several positions across Oregon, Washington, and Hawaii. Emma’s webinar presentation will focus on utilizing community science (formerly known as citizen science) as a tool for the environmental justice movement; mobilizing communities to become involved with all aspects of planning, research, and implementation of results to effect positive and sustainable change. 

Resource Type:
Publication Date: 2019

The Society for Ecological Restoration Northwest Chapter 2019 Graduate Student Colloquia: Day 3

1) Variation in perceptions of the stormwater social-ecological system in Puget Sound: insights for management across the land-sea interface (Caitlyn O’Connor)

I will investigate the perceptions of the impacts of non-point source pollution (stormwater) on the marine ecosystem in Puget Sound, Washington by eliciting regional expert opinions’ in the stormwater science and management realm. Specifically, my objectives are to: 1) Describe variation in the ways stormwater experts perceive the structure of the Puget Sound stormwater social-social ecological system. 2) Explore the consequences of differences in variation in perceptions in the stormwater social-social ecological system for management. 3) Develop a consensus model of the Puget Sound stormwater social-ecological system that can be used to support management decisions. These objectives build off one another to end with a tool that will hopefully enhance our understanding of the impacts of emerging contaminants (stormwater), improve our knowledge of the transport of pollutants in the Puget Sound ecosystem, and preliminarily evaluate the perception of how much recovery needs to happen.

2) How can Floodplain Restoration Enhance Streamflow and Salmon Habitat in the Stillaguamish River? (Ashley Bagley)

This project builds upon the Stillaguamish Tribe’s traditional knowledge and collaborations with Snohomish County to predict where floodplain restoration can provide the greatest increase in salmonid habitat by amplifying groundwater-surface water exchange. Our study includes five areas within the North and South Forks had warmer temperatures than side channels and tributaries. Further statistical analysis is needed to identify specific reaches that would create the most beneficial salmonid habitat. The Stillaguamish Tribe and Snohomish County will be able to use the study results for future hydrologic modeling of groundwater-surface water interactions using collected water quality data, and in the evaluation of large wood installations planned for 2019. 

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2019

How can we map ecological restoration onto a rapidly changing world?

Don Falk, SER’s first Executive Director and expert in fire and restoration ecology, discusses the future of restoration ecological in the face of climate change.

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2019

The Nature Conservancy Water Funds Toolbox

Water Funds are organizations that take collective action to help address water insecurity. They design and enhance financial and governance mechanisms which unite public, private and civil society stakeholders around a common goal to contribute to water security through nature-based solutions and sustainable watershed management. This toolbox has been developed by Water Funds experts to help leaders succeed in developing Water Funds. This web-based toolbox has a variety of resources including a step-by-step guide, a curriculum, and access to a global community of Water Funds.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019

Cascading impacts of large-carnivore extirpation in an African ecosystem

The world’s largest carnivores are declining and now occupy mere fractions of their historical ranges. Theory predicts that when apex predators disappear, large herbivores should become less fearful, occupy new habitats, and modify those habitats by eating new food plants. Yet experimental support for this prediction has been difficult to obtain in large-mammal systems. Following the extirpation of leopards and African wild dogs from Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park, forest-dwelling antelopes (bushbuck, Tragelaphus sylvaticus) expanded into treeless floodplains, where they consumed novel diets and suppressed a common food plant (waterwort, Bergia mossambicensis). By experimentally simulating predation risk, we demonstrate that this behavior was reversible. Thus, whereas anthropogenic predator extinction disrupted a trophic cascade by enabling rapid differentiation of prey behavior, carnivore restoration may just as rapidly reestablish that cascade.

Resource Type: Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2019

Ecological restoration law: concepts and case studies

Ecological restoration is as essential as sustainable development for the health of the biosphere. Restoration, however, has been a low priority of most countries’ environmental laws, which tend to focus narrowly on rehabilitation of small, discrete sites rather than the more ambitious recovery of entire ecosystems and landscapes. Through critical theoretical perspectives and topical case studies, this book’s diverse contributors explore a more ambitious agenda for ecological restoration law. Not only do they investigate current laws and other governance mechanisms; they also consider the philosophical and methodological bases for the law to take ecological restoration more seriously. Through exploration of themes relating to time, space, geography, semiotics, social justice, and scientific knowledge, this book offers innovative and critical insights into ecological restoration law.

Resource Type: Book
Publication Date: 2019

Addressing Water Scarcity through Restoration

Join Louise Stafford of The Nature Conservancy and John Owino of IUCN for a discussion of restoration efforts to ensure water security, in South Africa and East Africa. Moderated by Craig Beatty of IUCN and SER’s Large-Scale Ecosystem Restoration section.

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2019

Native Plant Conservation Campaign ecosystem services online portal

This online resource provides information about the ecosystem services supplied by native plant communities to human societies and economies. The goal is to provide tools to help individuals and organizations more easily and effectively demonstrate the importance (including but not limited to economic value) of native plant conservation.
Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019

A diagnostic for collaborative monitoring in forest landscape restoration

Forest landscape restoration (FLR) requires a long-term commitment from a range of stakeholders to plan the restoration initiative collaboratively and see it through successfully. This is only possible when the people involved – whether they are landholders, indigenous groups, government entities, non-governmental organizations or other crucial actors – come together to define common goals and monitor progress toward those goals. Collaborative monitoring can play a crucial role in these processes by providing a structured way to include diverse stakeholders in FLR, generate local buy-in and catalyze social learning. However, collaborative monitoring is new to many FLR planners and, while they may be interested in implementing collaborative monitoring, they may not know where to start. This diagnostic provides a systematic way for FLR planners to assess their FLR initiatives against a checklist of success factors. The diagnostic helps practitioners to: (1) determine whether they are ready for collaborative monitoring; (2) identify what elements need to strengthened; and (3) assess whether existing monitoring systems are on the right track. The diagnostic can be applied on at least two scales: it includes factors to be used at a specific FLR site and it outlines the factors that are intrinsic to a multi-level collaborative monitoring system. It consists of a core matrix of 42 success factors, plus suggestions for performing the assessment.

Resource Type: Technical Document
Publication Date: 2019

Forest and landscape restoration dataset

Large areas worldwide have been deforested or degraded with a resulting loss of fertile soils, biodiversity and carbon stock. Deforestation and land degradation threaten the livelihoods, well-being, and resilience of millions of people around the world. Restoration of degraded lands is included as one of the Sustainable Development Goals (Goal 15), and multiple international and regional initiatives have been set up in the last few years (Bonn Challenge, 20×20 initiative). This theme focuses on mapping and characterizing restoration initiatives.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019

Low-tech process based restoration of riverscapes design manual

The purpose of this design manual is to provide restoration practitioners with guidelines for implementing a subset of low-tech tools—namely beaver dam analogues (BDAs) and post-assisted log structures (PALS)—for initiating process-based restoration in structurally-starved riverscapes. While the concept of process-based restoration in riverscapes has been advocated for at least two decades, details and specific examples on how to implement it remain sparse. Here, we describe ‘low-tech process-based restoration’ (LT-PBR) as a practice of using simple, low unit-cost, structural additions (e.g. wood and beaver dams) to riverscapes to mimic functions and initiate specific processes. Hallmarks of this approach include:

  • An explicit focus on the processes that a low-tech restoration intervention is meant to promote
  • A conscious effort to use cost-effective, low-tech treatments (e.g. hand-built, natural materials, non-engineered, short-term design life-spans) because of the need to efficiently scale-up application.
  • ‘Letting the system do the work’ which defers critical decision making to riverscapes and nature’s ecosystem engineers
Resource Type: Technical Document
Publication Date: 2019

GIS-based Vulnerability Assessment of Upland Forests in the Cedar River Waters

Presented by SERNW and Rolf Gersonde. Climate change presents new challenges for ecological restoration. The recovery of ecological functions, either through reducing disturbance or by actively promoting ecosystem development is put into question as climate change is likely to alter ecosystem development and composition with uncertain outcome for ecological functions. In the diverse landscape of the Cascade Range, climate impacts are going to vary depending on topography and ecosystem composition. While exposed sites are likely to experience stronger climate impacts and have greater uncertainty regarding ecosystem recovery, other sites (climate refugia) are likely to be less impacted or will be altered more slowly. To aid forest and aquatic restoration at the landscape scale in the Cedar River Municipal Watershed, we conducted a vulnerability analysis of ecosystems to guide ecological restoration efforts at the landscape scale and adapt to projected climate change. We identified elements of climate exposure and ecosystem sensitivity that could be spatially represented and scaled. The elements were combined in an additive model to result in a landscape representation of climate vulnerability. Adding a spatial filter of areas where climate impacts would have greater effect on management goals and adding operational constraints enabled us to identify priority areas for conservation measures to restore late-successional forest habitat and ecosystem resilience. This approach could be adapted to other landscapes and management goals and offers managers a tool to prioritize restoration efforts in an uncertain future.

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2018

Soil Bioengineering for the Restoration of Steep and Unstable Slopes and Riparian Areas

Presented by Dave Polster and SER Northwest. Soil bioengineering is the use of living plant materials to perform some engineering function. In some cases, other materials are included. Soil bioengineering systems can be used to treat steep slopes and to provide stability to unstable sites. Soil bioengineering treatments use pioneering species that initiate the natural successional processes associated with the region in which they are applied. This means that in the long run, soil bioengineering systems promote the successional movement of the ecosystem towards later successional stages.

Soil bioengineering systems can be used to stabilize sites that conventional systems would cost millions of dollars to stabilize. In addition, since the soil bioengineering systems promote the natural successional development of the site, there is a long term recovery of the site that does not occur with traditional treatments. In addition unlike traditional treatments, soil bioengineering systems promote the sequestration of Carbon thus help with the current climate crisis.

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2018

Pichimahuida: website of a private restoration project in Chilean Patagonia

A dynamic website describing different aspects of a multifaceted private restoration project located in a severely degraded area of Patagonia, Chile. Specific aspects of the project: reforestation with native tree species for the purpose of ecosystem restoration, under Chilean national Law on Native Forest (N° 20.283), more than 230 000 trees of local species planted, 310 hectares affected, average recent documented survival rate is 85 %, largest project in the area; degradation of the whole region is due to catastrophic clearing fires of the ancient forest of the last century, further overgrazing and soil erosion and disappearance; the project is set in an area where the socio-economic approach to such initiatives is challenging; funded by private means, with the reforestation part being partly financed by State subsidies; the operational part, including energy and other supply, is ensured by personally developed and privately funded methods; remotely located and entirely off-grid.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2018

Protocol Development Tool (PDT) for seed encrusting and pelleting

Seed encrusting and pelleting are seed coating technologies that increase seed size and weight, improving handling, consistency in seed delivery and providing active ingredients for seed protection and enhancement. Though widely used for crop and vegetable seeds, with an estimated value of more than a billion dollars per annum globally, the know-how and methodologies are rarely disclosed by the commercial seed industry sector. As a result, it is difficult to reproduce specific seed coatings for research and comparative evaluation. For small seed producers, particularly the emerging native seed sector, seed enhancement technologies are either unavailable or rarely adopted due to their inaccessibility. Here, we present the first fully disclosed Protocol Development Tool (PDT) for seed pelleting and encrusting. The PDT is customisable, applicable to a wide range of agricultural, horticultural and restoration purposes, and adaptable to suit a variety of seeds and coating materials. The PDT will allow researchers and seed suppliers to test and develop project-specific pelleting and encrusting methods within a standardised and replicable framework.

Resource Type: Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2018

Best practices for implementing forest landscape restoration in South Asia: An international knowledge sharing workshop

In 2018, the Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment and Forest Department, Sri Lanka, in cooperation with the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) and others, members of the Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) held a knowledge-sharing workshop on best practices in implementing forest landscape restoration in South Asian countries.

The workshop aimed at:

  • Sharing and discussing lessons from current state-of-the-art scientific and technical knowledge on FLR both at global and regional scales;
  • Connecting FLR experts in South Asia and further stimulating exchanges of information, thus providing feedback into national and global FLR policy initiatives such as the Bonn Challenge process;
  • Identifying challenges of current land management and impediments to sustainable land management and ecosystem functionality across the region; and
  • Contributing to the development of a regional FLR implementation strategy in support of continuous sub-regional learning, sharing of experiences and FLR practice improvements.

This webpage houses a summary of the workshop conclusions, as well as all of the workshop presentations.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2018

Biotic interactions in the tropics – challenges for restoration and conservation in the Anthropocene

When ecosystems are lost or transformed, not only is biodiversity simplified or displaced, but key interactions that modulate ecosystem structure and function are also affected.  Therefore, restoration and conservation must have a complete view of the ecosystems to ensure their recovery.

This webinar explores how biotic interactions influence the restoration of natural tropical ecosystems. We examine how feeding interactions, such as predation and frugivory, affect the carbon cycle in the soil-atmosphere and in the trees. In addition, we will discuss changes in animal composition that may induce changes in the spatial organization of tree cohorts and its implication for restoration as a strategy for reviving and sustaining forests.

Finally, we will explore how changes in animal composition (pollinators and disperser) can be partially reversible if we develop functional ecosystem restoration strategies.

Resource Type: Webinar
Publication Date: 2018

Monitoring the social benefits of ecological restoration

Ecological restoration has traditionally been evaluated by monitoring the recovery of ecological conditions, such as species abundance and diversity, physical form, and water quality; monitoring the social benefits of restoration is uncommon. Current monitoring frameworks do not track who benefits from restoration or by how much. We investigate how ecological restoration could be monitored to provide indications of improvement in terms of social conditions. We provide suggestions for measuring several categories of social indicators, including access, beneficiaries, and quality of benefit, using information compiled from natural and social science literature. We demonstrate how to evaluate ecological and social indicators over time at a site or landscape scale using multi‐criteria analysis. We use flood protection and recreation as example benefits to monitor.

Resource Type: Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2018

Tropical Native Species Reforestation Information Clearinghouse (TRIC)

The Tropical Native Species Reforestation Information Clearinghouse (TRIC) is a resource hosted by the Environmental Leadership and Training Initiative (ELTI) and aims to support capacity-building in the field of tropical forest restoration and reforestation. TRIC users can search by resource type, topic, country, region and ecosystem to find valuable reforestation resources. Users can also submit suggested resources for addition to the database.

Resource Type: Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2018