Recent worldwide commitments, such as the Bonn Challenge and the New York Declaration on Forests, have placed Forest and Landscape Restoration on the agenda of countries worldwide as a means to attain sustainable development goals and mitigate climate change. Given these social and ecological goals, FLR programs should incorporate ecological, social, historical, and economic dimensions in their goals and implementation strategies. However, FLR programs within the Bonn Challenge are mostly in planning or early implementation stages and therefore little is known about their governance arrangements, the incorporation of multidimensionality in their objectives, and the strategies for implementation. Fears exist that unless FLR is more clearly defined and principles and standards drafted, FLR interventions run the risk of falling on a “business as usual scenario” geared toward achieving only a limited number of objectives. We compare projects in the global south led by different actors, multilateral agencies, transnational NGOs and impact investors mostly, regarding their governance arrangements, objectives, and strategies. Our research is not yet finished, but we already find projects are working closely with national governments to better integrate diverse land use policies; they are prioritizing implementation of productive restorative actions, and thus do not emphasize the implementation of various types of interventions for the restoration of multifunctional landscapes.
Audio/Video, Conference Presentation, SER2019
Society for Ecological Restoration