Although I have interpreted the Aboriginal treatment of the landscape in material terms, this is not to gainsay the attachment which existed between the people and the land. Land management cannot be carried out without the deep sense of responsibility which was conveyed by the totality of Aboriginal culture. It was this close identification with the land that enabled Australia’s indigenous people to manage their environment in a way that enabled them to survive and prosper on this most difficult continent. We need to take account of Aboriginal management of the ecosystems and its long evolutionary history if we are to succeed in our own management.
Journal of Biogeography