Application of Quality Assurance and Quality Control Principles to Ecological Restoration Project Monitoring

Louis Blume, EPA; Dr. Timothy Lewis and Frank Veraldi, USACE; Dr. Martin Stapanian, USGS; Dr. Craig Palmer, Lynn Walters, Joan Cuddeback, Brick Fevold, Dr. Robert Brent, Molly Middlebrook Amos, Rob Sutter, Judy Schofield, Doran Stegura, Ken Miller, Justin Telech and Adam Bucher, CSRA/GDIT

Publication Date:

This guidance is intended to encourage and facilitate the adoption of effective quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) strategies in support of ecological restoration projects. Anticipated users include ecological restoration specialists and stakeholders representing federal, state and tribal agencies, NGOs, civic and local groups, and the academic community. Although it is assumed that users will have some background in and knowledge of basic ecological restoration practices and QA/QC concepts, Chapter 2 includes a brief review of QA/QC principles that are discussed throughout the remainder of the document. The practices, procedures, information, and concepts outlined in this guidance can provide the following benefits to practitioners and stakeholders: Save time and resources by enhancing the consistency of documentation and procedures in current and future projects. Improve data quality for ecological measurements and observations, aid in evaluating project success, and incorporate long-term effectiveness monitoring as feedback to adaptive management. Encourage a common approach to QA/QC across multiple entities involved in ecological restoration projects to improve data comparability over time and support comparison of various restoration strategies. Serve as a consolidated collection of the best QA/QC practices for ecological restoration projects across multiple agencies.

STAPER categories:
  • A1: Assess degraded ecosystems
  • A4: Assess the costs/benefits of ecosystem restoration
  • B4: Review, improve or establish terrestrial and marine spatial planning processes
  • B5: Consider the need for safeguard measures
  • B6: Review, improve or establish targets, policies and strategies for ecosystem restoration
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Resource Type:
Technical Document