Maestre, F.T. and J. Cortina
In the semiarid areas of the Mediterranean basin, restoration activities during the XXth century have mainly relied on extensive plantations of Pinushalepensis, which now cover thousands of hectares. Here we review studies that have evaluated the effects of these plantations on soils, vegetation, faunal communities, and forest fires. Most studies performed so far have shown an overall negative effect of P. halepensis plantations on spontaneous vegetation. Our review contributes to the debate on the suitability of mono-specific extensive P. halepensis plantations, and suggests that afforestation programmes should be revised.
Forest Ecology and Management