Defining the limits of restoration: The need for realistic goals

Ehrenfeld, J.G.

Publication Date:

The search for a universal statement of goals for ecological restoration continues to generate discussion and controversy. I discuss the diverse roots of restoration ecology, and show how the complex lineages within the field have led to diverse, and divergent, sets of goals. I then review the three major themes that currently are used to develop statements of goals: restoration of species, restoration of whole ecosystems or landscapes, and the restoration of ecosystem services, and point out both the advantages and the limitations and problems associated with each category.

Resource Type:
Peer-reviewed Article

Restoration Ecology