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Jean-François Bissonnette, Louis Tanguay, Katrine Turgeon
Private lands are increasingly targeted for ecological restoration and conservation initiatives in high income countries. However, the fragmented nature of private land tenure along with the large number of landowners and heterogenous socioeconomic profiles pose major challenges for pro-biodiversity land management initiatives. Landholders’ attitude toward conservation initiatives range from rejection to acceptance. Some initiatives will be met with resistance while others with consent and adherence. Most research dealing with social outcomes of conservation or restauration initiatives address geographically specific cases and few studies have attempted to derive general trends out of existing studies. Attempting to fill this gap, we performed a systematic literature review of conservation initiatives in high income countries. Based on this review, we developed a typology of factors that influence the acceptance of conservation and restoration initiatives on private land. The purpose of this review was to develop a comprehensive typology to support conservation program design and help identify which factors may be acted upon to improve the social acceptance of such initiatives. The two-level typology we propose suggests general trends which can support conservation effort planning and by extension restoration actions. Our results show that although conservation proponents have little power over structural factors, however, they can seek to improve the perceptions of their actions and shape social and institutional interactions in order to make conservation measures more easily accepted among landowners.
Conference Presentation, SER2021
Pre-approved for CECs under SER's CERP program