J. Sayer, V. Kapos, S. Mansourian and S. Maginnis
In many deforested, degraded and fragmented forest habitats investments in restoration and rehabilitation can yield high conservation benefits. Restoration in densely settled tropical areas can have more impact on biodiversity than further extension of “paper parks” in remote, pristine forests and can also deliver important forest goods and services to a wider range of stakeholders. Retention of even small fragments of natural vegetation is justified by their great potential value in providing the building blocks for future restoration programmes. However, care needs to be taken in planning and executing such programmes. Spatial modelling tools can be used to formulate scenarios for optimal multifunctional landscapes and indicate where restoration investments will have maximum pay-off. The use of these tools needs to be supported by a high degree of participation from, and negotiation among, the full range of stakeholders, to identify the most important goods and services that need to be delivered by a particular landscape. Spatial analysis tools can also be used to provide a framework for negotiation. The objectives of all stakeholders, including conservation organizations, should be clearly articulated in ways that are amenable to effective monitoring and evaluation.
XII Forestry Congress