Bradley, I. et al.
The key message in terms of managing soil for habitat restoration projects is to try and work with existing conditions before altering the site. This will minimise the initial and long-term costs involved. Such restoration, if it is to be successful, requires a full understanding of the physical and chemical properties of the soil, along with its plant, animal and microbial communities – collectively known as the soil ecosystem. There is a complex set of interrelationships between living and non-living components, driving the structure and function of soil ecosystems. The process of soil formation is never ending; there will always be a dynamic interaction between water, air, biology and minerals. Materials, whether solid or in solution, arriving from elsewhere, will continue to drive and shape the changing nature of the soil.