International standards for the practice of ecological restoration, 1st edition (Archived – outdated)

McDonald, T., G.D. Gann, J. Jonson, K.W. Dixon

Publication Date:

*** NOTE: This document, International Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration, has been superseded by the 2nd edition. *** The first edition includes Principles and Key Concepts (hereafter, the Standards), provides standards to guide practitioners, operational personnel, planners, managers, regulators and funding agencies involved in restoring degraded ecosystems anywhere in the world – whether terrestrial, freshwater, coastal or marine. It places ecological restoration into a global context, including its role in conserving biodiversity and improving human wellbeing. The key principles and concepts underpinning the Standards further develop definitions, principles and concepts contained in the SER Primer (, other SER foundation documents (including Keenleyside et al. 2012), and the SER Australasia-developed standards (McDonald et al. 2016). The Standards expand these conceptual frameworks to clarify the degree of recovery represented by ‘ecological restoration’ in times of global changes including anthropogenic climate change and other rapid environmental changes.

STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Resource Type:
Technical Document

Society for Ecological Restoration