Montanarella, L., Scholes, R., Brainich, A. (eds.)
The Assessment Report on Land Degradation and Restoration by the IPBES provides a critical analysis of the state of knowledge regarding the importance, drivers, status, and trends of terrestrial ecosystems. The assessment covers the global status of and trends in land degradation, by region and land cover type; the effect of degradation on biodiversity values, ecosystem services and human well-being; and the state of knowledge, by region and land cover type, of ecosystem restoration extent and options. The assessment was undertaken to enhance the knowledge base for policies for addressing land degradation, desertification and the restoration of degraded land.
Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan on Ecosystem
Chapter 8.2 of the Assessment Report on Land Degradation and Restoration of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES 2018) reviews and discusses information, knowledge and decision support tools to identify land degradation problems, prevention and restoration options, which operate at the global, national, subnational, watershed, and sub-watershed scales. The section on identifying and mapping current land degradation directly addresses activity A1 and provides links to and descriptions of multiple land degradation assessment tools. Activity A2 is addressed in the sections on analyses of land degradation avoidance solutions and restoration options, including quantitative and comparative tools for finding restoration solutions, and tools for spatial prioritization (e.g., ROAM). Stakeholder participation (A3), costs and benefits of different management options (A4), institutional and financial aspects of decision-making (A5), and tools to reduce degradation and biodiversity losses (A6) are also discussed.
- A1: Assess degraded ecosystems
- A2: Identify/prioritize locations for meeting national contributions to Aichi Targets
- A3: Involve all relevant stakeholders
- A4: Assess the costs/benefits of ecosystem restoration
- A5: Assess institutional, policy, and legal frameworks & identify financial/technical resources
- A6: Identify options to reduce the drivers biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation
Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)