Restoration strategies that initiate autogenic succession—by using rather than by combating natural processes—have great potential for arid ecosystems. Damaged ecological processes must be restored to restoration sites. Landscape dynamics can be directed toward restoration objectives with strategies that: (1) reduce or eliminate the causes of degradation; (2) address soil degradation and initiate soil improving processes; (3) establish vegetation that addresses microsite availability, soil improvement, and nutrient cycling problems; and (4) arrange landscape components to reduce detrimental landscape interactions while increasing synergies among landscape components. Landscape configuration can be designed to: (1) encourage synergies among landscape components; (2) reduce nutrient losses to adjacent landscape components; (3) facilitate natural seed dispersal mechanisms; (4) attract beneficial animals; and (5) reduce detrimental animal activities.
U.S. Forest Service