Brazil presented its intention of Nationally Determined Contribution for the global effort to mitigate climate change in 2015. A key proposed action is the recovery of 12 M ha of native vegetation by 2030 with approximately 6 M ha in the Atlantic Forest. The case for restoration in this biome is an example of how to build the necessary conditions for recovery of native vegetation at a large-scale for other biomes in Brazil and internationally. Three main government regulations have been assisted the Atlantic Forest recovery: the Atlantic Forest Law, the Native Vegetation Protection Law, and the National Policy for Recovery of Native Vegetation. The Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact is likely to be the largest bottom-up restoration movement wordwide and has been building key mechanisms of governance, communication and articulation; monitoring systems; and strategies to influence public policies. There are some emblematic examples of restoration projects showing restoration as an economically viable activity. Although competition with agricultural lands has been a critical bottleneck for recovery of native vegetation, there are some successful initiatives in the Atlantic Forest focused on: landscape planning that targets integration of productive actions, conservation, and recovery; recovery of native vegetation linked to sustainable agricultural intensification; and identification of priority areas for maximizing socio-environmental outcomes and minimizing competition with agricultural production systems. Brazil has assumed a key role of leadership in international forest landscape restoration negotiations, especially due to several examples in the Atlantic Forest, and any break in this path will result in several environmental setbacks.
Audio/Video, Conference Presentation, SER2019
Society for Ecological Restoration