Lessons learnt from 13 years of restoration in a moist tropical forest: The Fandriana – Marolambo Landscape in Madagascar

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Simon Rafanomezantsoa

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In 2005, WWF initiated a Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) programme in the Fandriana-Marolambo landscape situated in Madagascar’s iconic moist forest (Center-East). The landscape, harbouring fragmented forest interspersed with savannah, exotic plantations, and fields stretches over 203,080 ha and is home to 150,000 people. It is rich in biodiversity but under pressure of deforestation. The objective of the programme was to restore ecological integrity and improve human well-being. The main lessons learnt: Establish multi-level partnerships and start with capacity building so stakeholders and partners understand all concepts. It is necessary for sustainability and includes technical aspects as well as organizational ones. Strengthening local governance structures and working with a strong social dimension: the sites that were established through a local decision-making process, which was based on social conventions, present the best rate of success and are currently still developing. While those established following unilateral decisions from the forest administration and those decided in a mixed way have varying success. Also, restoration methodologies matter as areas with active and mixed restoration actions are more successful compared to sites with passive restoration. Ground implementation in scientific knowledge: the recommended species have statistically higher growth rates. Linked to the household strategies, restoration areas with households that are less dependent on forest and with other additional activities have good results. Commit to the long term and design an exit strategy.

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Audio/Video, Conference Presentation, SER2019

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Society for Ecological Restoration