Li, X.R., H.L. Xiao, J.G. Zhang and X.P. Wang
The planting of sand-binding vegetation in the Shapotou region at the southeastern edge of the Tengger Desert began in 1956. Over the past 46 years, it has not only insured the smooth operation of the Baotou–Lanzhou railway in the sand dune section but has also played an important role in the restoration of the local environment; therefore, it is viewed as a successful model for desertification control and ecological restoration along the transport line in the arid desert region of China.