Singh, V.S. and D.N. Pandey
Drawing on the representative literature from peer-reviewed research, this paper critically examines the contribution of agroforestry systems in India to: (i) biodiversity conservation; (ii) yield of goods and services to society; (iii) augmentation of the carbon storage in agroecosystems; (iv) enhancing the fertility of the soils; and (v) providing social and economic well-being to people. Agroforestry systems in India contribute variously to ecological, social and economic functions, but they are only complementary—and not as alternative—to natural forests. A winning strategy for conservation and human welfare can be achieved by protecting the largest possible area of natural ecosystems while growing food on the smallest possible area to reconcile food production with conservation. Yet, this combination is not always feasible. Therefore, a trade-off strategy for addressing multiple functions is required.
Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board