The experiments with Avicennia germinans, Laguncularia racemosa, and Rhizophora mangle showed that the reforestation success depends mainly on site selection and preparation. Generally, all species developed best at sites with low salinities and a water level near the soil surface. Highest mortalities were found in set propagules and seedlings of L. racemosa and A. germinans, whereas the best survival rates occurred in R. mangle propagules as well as in L. racemosa saplings. Growth rates, especially of L. racemosa, were extremely high when the ecological factors were favourable, and flowering set in early.
Forest Ecology and Management