J, Lancaster, B. Adams, P. Desserud, R. Adams, M. Neville
Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region has been significantly modified by land use practices. The black Chernozemic soils and rough fescue plant communities typical of the Foothills Fescue, Foothills Parkland and Montane Natural Sub-regions (FFPM) are extremely difficult to restore once disturbed due to the prevalence of invasive species in the region and a shortage of suitable reclamation plant materials. Avoidance and minimizing topsoil disturbance are critical to minimize further loss of these communities to development in the FFPM. This manual describes tools for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, sourcing plant materials and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained, including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native plant materials, then maintaining the pathway through adaptive management. Appendices include suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites and ecosites common in the FFPM.
Foothills Restoration Forum