Goreau, T.J. and R.L. Hayes
Conventional methods of reef restoration fail when water quality deteriorates from excessive temperature, pollution, or sediments. In contrast the Biorock method of coral reef restoration greatly increases coral growth rates and survival from stress, allowing rapid recovery of coral reefs where natural regeneration has failed, greatly increasing fish and shellfish populations, and even turning severely eroding beaches into growing ones. This is done without monoculture or food addition, and avoids the genetic impoverishment, disease, and nutrient pollution problems of conventional mariculture. Some fisherfolk in Indonesia, the Philippines, and elsewhere are now using the Biorock method to grow whole reefs and become sustainable harvesters of the ecosystems they create and manage.
Global Coral Reef Alliance