In the past, people used wetland plants and animals for shelter and food. More recently, people have become more aware of other benefits that wetlands provide water-quality improvement, flood attenuation, esthetics, and recreational opportunities. Now, it is recognized that numerous losses are incurred when a wetland is damaged or destroyed. Restoration and creation can help maintain the benefits of wetlands and their surrounding ecosystems, and at the same time accommodate the human need for development.
National Water Summary on Wetland Resources