This issue becomes especially prominent when trying to restore damaged environments where large numbers of people live, most particularly in the modern city. Whenever large numbers of people are involved, we must address in specific, persuasive, and precise ways that goods and services are provided by restored environments, as well as the costs and sacrifices people may be required to make to achieve this end. We must also recognize that restoration cannot be accomplished lacking the understanding, appreciation, and support of local communities. At the least, this necessitates a deep and sympathetic knowledge of the characteristics, interests, attitudes, and needs of varying human populations.
Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies