Restoration of Nontarget Species: Bee Communities and Pollination Function in Riparian Forests

Williams, N.M.

Publication Date:

Nontarget species such as pollinators may be of great importance to the restoration process and the long-term functioning of restored habitats, but little is known about how such groups respond to habitat restoration. I surveyed bee communities at five equal-aged restored sites, paired with five reference sites (riparian remnants) along the Sacramento River, California, United States. Patterns of visitation to native plant species suggest that pollination function is restored along with pollinator abundance and richness; however, function may be less robust in restored habitats. An examination of interaction networks between bees and plant species found at both restored and remnant riparian sites showed less redundancy of pollinators visiting some plants at restored habitats.

Resource Type:
Peer-reviewed Article

Restoration Ecology