Seabrook, L., C.A. Mcalpine and M.E. Bowen
We define three restoration pathways based largely on existing land use and the degree of modification: restoration for areas of natural ecosystems; repair for production landscapes; and reinvention for urban areas. Challenges and research priorities include understanding: the effects of mean climate change and climate extremes on species distribution and ecosystem composition; how restoration can be used for carbon sequestration; the effects of proximate and endogenous drivers on landscape change; how to better bio-design landscapes for multiple functions; integration of different scales of restoration planning and design; and the establishment of long-term monitoring and adaptive management.
Landscape and Urban Planning