Grabowski, J.H. and C.H. Peterson
Declines in the abundance of oysters are a consequence of degradation of oyster reefs via destructive harvesting practices as well as overfishing, oyster disease, sedimentation, and water quality degradation, which collectively have greatly reduced the quantity and quality of intact reef habitat. Although restoration efforts have proceeded for several decades in estuaries throughout the eastern U.S., these efforts have traditionally focused on reversing the trend of declining landings rather than rebuilding sustainable oyster reefs that create habitat and other ecosystem services.
Theoretical Ecology Series