The purpose of this report is to provide an extensive and systematic review of published international, European and national (EU Member State) guidance on adaptation to climate change, with a focus on biodiversity and its conservation. The findings have been synthesised, key principles identified and the results presented to the Bern Convention’s ‘Group of Experts on Biodiversity and Climate Change’ at their meeting in Strasbourg on 11 September 2008. The key output of the review is a set of seven overarching adaptation principles for biodiversity and its conservation. These principles are derived from pre-existing guidance, are linked with more detailed measures, and should be considered when developing adaptation strategies and actions to conserve species, habitats and ecosystems and the services that they provide. The concepts underpinning these principles are also equally relevant to other sectors and could be further developed within and across sectors as a standard for universal application.
Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats