Socio-economic factors affecting adoption of soil and water conservation measures in Malawi

Setrida Mlamba

Publication Date:

The Department of Land Resources Conservation and other stakeholders have been promoting Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) measures in Malawi for decades. Despite these efforts, it has been noted that the adoption of the technologies is still low. The 2016 soil loss study found that the average soil loss has increased from 20 tons/ha/year to 29 tons/ha/year since 1990. This study was conducted to understand the socio-economic factors that affect the adoption of SWC measures in Malawi. The study was conducted in Malingunde and Mngwangwa Extension Planning Areas (EPA) in Lilongwe District. The two EPAs are some of the sites where SWC measures are being promoted. Data was collected from a sample of selected farmers through the administration of a questionnaire. The questionnaire comprised closed- and open-ended questions. The study found significant positive correlation between age of the household head and adoption of SWC measures. The study also found that belonging to a farmer group, receiving training and farmer contact with the extension worker have significant positive correlation with the adoption of SWC measures. Based on these findings, it is recommended that farmers should be encouraged to belong to farmer groups as it enables mutual learnings and the exchange of ideas. Farmer trainings in the form of demonstrations should also be prioritized as it helps the farmers to have a practical approach to technology implementation. The study needs to be replicated in other areas as farmers operate under different socio-economic and ecological conditions.

Resource Type:

Society for Ecological Restoration