Lucas de Oliveira Scarascia
The failure of the Fundão dam on November 5th, 2015, represents the most substantial socio-environmental impact of a mining dam in history. The tailings deposits in the floodplains and river beds caused severe effects on rural and agricultural activities for approximately 2000 landowners, mainly due to production restrictions and water availability. The need a full reparation of rural properties conducted by the Renova Foundation considers the engagement of several actors. It should be considered that the current profile of land use and occupation usually diverges with agricultural vocation, causing production inefficiency and deforestation. The Socioeconomic and Environmental Adequacy of Rural Properties assessment (SEARP) is part of the development of a methodology for the evaluation of the Indicators of Sustainability in Agroecosystems (ISA), developed by relevant governmental institutes and universities in Brazil. This integrated approach to rural properties enables intelligent management of agricultural areas, increasing productivity and reducing pressure on areas to be reforested, reconciling increased income and environmental suitability. Current results demonstrate a high percentage of adherence to this proposal, mainly by small and medium farmers. Around 150 hectares of native forests were planted together with the recovery and management of agricultural production. Demonstration units related to commercial use of forests and ecological management of pastures, along with quality technical assistance and rural extension, strategically integrate the possibility of a large-scale land-use alternative, strengthening public policies and sustaining the proposal in the medium and long term.
Audio/Video, Conference Presentation, SER2019
Society for Ecological Restoration