Petersen, C. and S. Holness
The intervention outlined in this case study is South Africa’s emerging strategy of ecosystem- based adaptation to climate change, based on maintaining sufficient intact natural habitat in an optimal configuration identified through systematic biodiversity planning. This has been done through: (i) producing biodiversity maps and guidelines in several provinces and municipalities that feed into spatial and development planning; and (ii) developing a national strategy for expanding protected areas. Climate change design principles (e.g prioritization of corridors, refugia areas where species may move to survive temperature increases, slopes with marked altitudinal changes in climate and large, connected remaining fragments) are explicitly used in the systematic biodiversity planning methodology underpinning both these interventions.
World Resources Institute