Threats to Mangroves from Climate Change and Adaptation Options: A Review

Gilman, E.L., J. Ellison, N.C. Duke and C. Field

Publication Date:

Adaptation measures can offset anticipated mangrove losses and improve resistance and resilience to climate change. Coastal planning can adapt to facilitate mangrove migration with sea-level rise. Management of activities within the catchment that affect long-term trends in the mangrove sediment elevation, better management of other stressors on mangroves, rehabilitation of degraded mangrove areas, and increases in systems of strategically designed protected area networks that include mangroves and functionally linked ecosystems through representation, replication and refugia, are additional adaptation options.

Resource Type:
Peer-reviewed Article

Aquatic Botany