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Resources

16 matching resources found.

Application of Quality Assurance and Quality Control Principles to Ecological Restoration Project Monitoring

Abstract:

This guidance is intended to encourage and facilitate the adoption of effective quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) strategies in support of ecological restoration projects. Anticipated users include ecological restoration specialists and stakeholders representing federal, state and tribal agencies, NGOs, civic and local groups, and the academic community. Although it is assumed that users will have some background in and knowledge of basic ecological restoration practices and QA/QC concepts, Chapter 2 includes a brief review of QA/QC principles that are discussed throughout the remainder of the document.

The practices, procedures, information, and concepts outlined in this guidance can provide the following benefits to practitioners and stakeholders:

  • Save time and resources by enhancing the consistency of documentation and procedures in current and future projects.
  • Improve data quality for ecological measurements and observations, aid in evaluating project success, and incorporate long-term effectiveness monitoring as feedback to adaptive management.
  • Encourage a common approach to QA/QC across multiple entities involved in ecological restoration projects to improve data comparability over time and support comparison of various restoration strategies.
  • Serve as a consolidated collection of the best QA/QC practices for ecological restoration projects across multiple agencies.
Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • A1: Assess degraded ecosystems
  • A4: Assess the costs/benefits of ecosystem restoration
  • B4: Review, improve or establish terrestrial and marine spatial planning processes
  • B5: Consider the need for safeguard measures
  • B6: Review, improve or establish targets, policies and strategies for ecosystem restoration
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP)

Abstract:

The Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP) is a global initiative to promote and coordinate the development and delivery of biodiversity indicators for use by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and other biodiversity-related conventions, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and national and regional agencies. The website allows users to browse a range of indicators related to Aichi Biodiversity Targets, as well as a library of resources for the development of national-scale indicators.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
The BIP resource provides tools to identify relevant indicators for assessing multiple restoration objectives directly relevant to CBD goals and targets (D1), to test and refine indicators (D2), and to develop monitoring and reporting systems (D3).

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Ecological Restoration for Protected Areas: Principles, Guidelines and Best Practice

Abstract:

IUCN, SER and partners published Ecological Restoration for Protected Areas: Principles, Guidelines and Best Practices, which provides guidance for terrestrial, marine, and freshwater protected area managers at both system and site levels on the restoration of natural and associated values of protected areas.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This comprehensive guidance can assist with identifying appropriate restoration measures (C1), developing restoration plans (C3), developing tasks, schedules and budgets (C4), and project implementation (C5). It is also relevant regarding activities in Group D, monitoring.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2012
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism (FLRM) Knowledge Base

Abstract:

This knowledge base provides access to a comprehensive database of resources related to forest and landscape restoration in a wide range of aspects. More specifically, it provides access to an online user-friendly platform where users can find guidance from planning and implementation to the ongoing management and monitoring of a restoration project.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This resource includes information on many aspects of FLR including assessment of degradation / restoration opportunities (activities A1 and A2), governance (activities B1 and B6), and implementation (activity C5), and monitoring (Group D). Documents such as Global guidelines for the restoration of degraded forests and landscapes in drylands, outline monitoring and evaluation programs including assessment (D1), adaptive management (D2), and sharing lessons learned (D3).

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • A1: Assess degraded ecosystems
  • A2: Identify/prioritize locations for meeting national contributions to Aichi Targets
  • B1: Review, improve or establish legal, policy and financial frameworks for restoration
  • B6: Review, improve or establish targets, policies and strategies for ecosystem restoration
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Global guidelines for the restoration of degraded forests and landscapes in drylands

Abstract:

This publication, “Global guidelines for the restoration of degraded forests and landscapes in drylands”, is an output of the FAO Drylands Restoration Initiative, drawing lessons from the many experiences in dryland restoration worldwide. It is targeted at policymakers and other decision-makers, and dryland restoration practitioners, because both groups have the power to bring about positive change.

Resource Type:White Paper
Publication Date: 2015
STAPER categories:
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Implementing forest landscape restoration: A practitioner’s guide

Abstract:

Recognizing the challenge of implementing high-level FLR pledges, and realizing that obtaining results on the ground will confront many context-specific questions, a team of scientists from relevant IUFRO units has prepared this guide. This guide is intended to be a training resource for FLR facilitators who have a broad approach to land management. This guide addresses FLR implementation as a whole but with a view toward climate change mitigation and adaptation; only if the landscape is changing and FLR is successful will climate benefits materialise.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This publication has broad applicability to Groups of activities C and D with regard to projects implemented within the FLR framework.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2017
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

International standards for the practice of ecological restoration, 1st edition (Archived – outdated)

Abstract:

*** NOTE: This document, International Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration, has been superseded by the 2nd edition. ***

The first edition includes Principles and Key Concepts (hereafter, the Standards), provides standards to guide practitioners, operational personnel, planners, managers, regulators and funding agencies involved in restoring degraded ecosystems anywhere in the world – whether terrestrial, freshwater, coastal or marine. It places ecological restoration into a global context, including its role in conserving biodiversity and improving human wellbeing. The key principles and concepts underpinning the Standards further develop definitions, principles and concepts contained in the SER Primer (www.ser.org), other SER foundation documents (including Keenleyside et al. 2012), and the SER Australasia-developed standards (McDonald et al. 2016). The Standards expand these conceptual frameworks to clarify the degree of recovery represented by ‘ecological restoration’ in times of global changes including anthropogenic climate change and other rapid environmental changes.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2016
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native grassland in the Foothills Fescue, Foothills Parkland and Montane natural subregions of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region has been significantly modified by land use practices.  The black Chernozemic soils and rough fescue plant communities typical of the Foothills Fescue, Foothills Parkland and Montane Natural Sub-regions (FFPM) are extremely difficult to restore once disturbed due to the prevalence of invasive species in the region and a shortage of suitable reclamation plant materials. Avoidance and minimizing topsoil disturbance are critical to minimize further loss of these communities to development in the FFPM.

This manual describes tools for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, sourcing plant materials and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained, including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native plant materials, then maintaining the pathway through adaptive management. Appendices include suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites and ecosites common in the FFPM.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2018
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native grassland in the Northern Fescue natural subregion of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region is significantly modified by land use practices. Much of the native grassland in the Northern Fescue Natural Sub-region (NF) has been lost to cultivation and fragmented by industrial activity and roads. Soils and climate of the NF promote the spread of invasive non-native plants when soils are disturbed. This document identifies strategies designed retain and restore NF grassland plant communities following industrial disturbance.

The manual describes tools available for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, natural recovery and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native seed, then maintaining the pathway using invasive plant and grazing management, and long-term monitoring. Appendices include a summary of regional reclamation studies and suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites common in the NF.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2017
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native prairie in the Dry Mixedgrass natural subregion of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region has been significantly modified by land use practices.  The semi-arid climate of the Dry Mixedgrass Natural Subregion (DMG) supports native plant communities adapted to drought. Minimizing soil disturbance and natural recovery are often the most effective strategies for restoring DMG native plant communities. This document identifies strategies designed to retain and restore native grassland plant communities following disturbance in the DMG. This manual describes tools for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, natural recovery and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained, including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native seed, then maintaining the pathway using invasive plant and grazing management, and long-term monitoring. Appendices include a summary of regional reclamation studies and suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites common in the DMG.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2013
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native prairie in the Mixedgrass natural subregion of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region is significantly modified by land use practices.  The soils and climate of the Mixedgrass Natural Sub-region (MG) promote the spread of invasive plants when soil is disturbed. Minimizing soil disturbance and natural recovery are often the most effective strategies for restoring MG plant communities. This document identifies strategies designed to retain and restore native plant communities following industrial disturbance in the MG.

This manual describes tools for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, natural recovery and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native seed, then maintaining the pathway using invasive plant and grazing management, and long-term monitoring. Appendices include a summary of regional reclamation studies and suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites common in the MG.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2014
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Restoring forests: What constitutes success in the twenty-first century?

Abstract:

Forest loss and degradation is occurring at high rates but humankind is
experiencing historical momentum that favors forest restoration. Approaches to restoration
may follow various paradigms depending on stakeholder objectives, regional climate, or
the degree of site degradation. The vast amount of land requiring restoration implies the
need for spatial prioritization of restoration efforts according to cost-benefit analyses that
include ecological risks.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2015
STAPER categories:
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Roadside revegetation: An integrated approach to establishing native plants and pollinator habitat

Abstract:

The roadsides of the United States play an important role in the conservation of declining wild pollinators and in supporting the health of managed pollinators. The An Integrated Approach to Establishing Native Plants and Pollinator Habitat program provides current best practices for planning, designing, and implementing a revegetation project that will also create habitat for pollinators. The web resource offers a comprehensive Roadside Revegetation Report detailing the complete roadside revegetation process, from project initiation, through monitoring and management. It is also home to the Ecoregional Revegetation Application online tool and a Roadside Revegetation online library.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Science Base and Tools for Evaluating Stream Engineering, Management, and Restoration Proposals

Abstract:

Stream management activities, even well-intentioned restoration efforts, have all too often degraded aquatic ecosystems. Site- and reach-scale habitat improvement projects have become the default solution to many habitat deficiencies and constraints, and are often planned and implemented without proper consideration of their landscape context, process drivers, or geomorphic fitness. Failure to recognize these broader scale concerns may lead to poor project selection and increased potential for project failure. To address these issues, we developed a suite of River Restoration Analysis Tool (RiverRAT) resources to guide more efficient, consistent, and comprehensive reviews of stream management and restoration proposals. Resources help determine the depth of review required, assure that a project proposal is complete, and guide reviewers through a thorough and scientifically sound project review. The RiverRAT Science Document and its Appendices provide a comprehensive synthesis of science behind stream management and restoration project development.
The ultimate, long-term goals of RiverRAT include:
• Enabling consistent, comprehensive, transparent, and documented project reviews;
• facilitating improved project planning and design;
• encouraging projects that are attuned to their watershed and geomorphic context; and
• improving the science and technology of stream restoration and management.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2011
STAPER categories:
  • B4: Review, improve or establish terrestrial and marine spatial planning processes
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

SER Certified Ecological Restoration Practitioner (CERP) Program

Abstract:

SER’s Certified Ecological Restoration Practitioner (CERP) Program encourages a high professional standard for those who are designing, implementing, overseeing, and monitoring restoration projects throughout the world.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
By developing criteria for restoration practitioners to be approved for CERP, and continuing education requirements for maintenance or certification, the CERP program contributes to activity B10. Certified practitioners, in turn, can contribute to activities C1, C3, C4, and C5 regarding restoration planning and implementation, and activities D1, D2, and D3 regarding project monitoring.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • B10: Promote and support capacity-building, training, and technology transfer
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Success from the ground up: Participatory monitoring and forest restoration

Abstract:

The potential of participatory monitoring in forest restoration and related forest management activities is explored in this review through multiple case studies, experiences, field tests and conceptual discussions. The review seeks to deepen and broaden our understanding of participatory monitoring by teasing out the lessons learned from existing knowledge and mapping a possible path forward, with the aim of improving the outcomes of forest restoration initiatives.

 

 

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This resource emphasizes the importance of developing participatory monitoring programs with stakeholders, particularly relevant for activity D1, adjusting restoration activities based on monitoring data collected, relevant to activity D2, and communicating lesson learned in line with activity D3.

Resource Type:White Paper
Publication Date: 2016
STAPER categories:
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Projects

6 matching projects found.

Australia: Restoration in a global biodiversity hotspot in Western Australia

Country: Australia

Abstract: The south-west of Western Australia is a global biodiversity hotspot where its high biodiversity suffers many threats. One of those threats is fragmentation of habitat owing to the large scale land clearing that was carried out in the 1950s and 1960s. This connectivity project aims to address this, and other threats, by restoring connections across a 70km swathe of farmland. Bush Heritage Australia has developed a Conservation Action Plan (using the Open Standards) in this area, where we are...
STAPER categories:
  • A2: Identify/prioritize locations for meeting national contributions to Aichi Targets
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Cameroon: Floodplain Rehabilitation through Prescribed Flooding of Waza-Logone

Country: Cameroon

Abstract: Managed flood releases are gaining acceptance in Africa as a strategy for ameliorating the ecological impacts of large dams and promoting integrated rural development. Prescribed flooding projects have been conducted in the Zambezi River Basin of Mozambique; Pongolo River Basin of South Africa; Komadugu Yobé River Basin of Nigeria; and Senegal River Basin between Senegal and Mauritania. This project, managed by the Government of Cameroon in cooperation with the IUCN and other international...
STAPER categories:
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Ecohydrological restoration of Burns Bog, British Columbia, Canada

Country: Canada

Abstract: Burns Bog is a 3,000 ha raised bog located in southwest British Columbia, Canada. Beginning in the 1930s, the bog underwent 50 years of industrial peat extraction, resulting in an extensive network of drainage ditches that lowered the water table and allowed the establishment of trees and other non-bog plant species. Much of the original margin of the bog has been converted to other land uses, such as industrial operations and agriculture. In 2004, Burns Bog was purchased by four levels of...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Iraq: Reviving Eden – The Iraqi Marshlands

Country: Iraq

Abstract: The Iraqi Marshlands are one of the world's largest wetland ecosystems and constitute the largest wetland ecosystem in the Middle East and Western Eurasia. The Iraqi Marshlands are a crucial part of intercontinental flyways for migratory birds, support endangered species, and sustain freshwater fisheries, as well as the marine ecosystem of the Persian Gulf. In addition to their ecological importance, these Marshlands are unique from the global perspective of human heritage. The area's natural...
STAPER categories:
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Renature Monchique

Country: Portugal

Abstract: The primary objective of this partner-based project is to begin a process that assists private landowners within the municipal district of Monchique, Algarve Region, Portugal, affected by the wildfire of 2018. As most landowners have small-holdings, the project-based process required to access financial support is onerous and in many instances linked to reforestation legislation. The one-year project is funded by the Ryanair passengers Carbon Offset Fund. Based on ecological restoration...

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
Recover fire-damaged and degraded sites

STAPER categories:
  • A1: Assess degraded ecosystems
  • A2: Identify/prioritize locations for meeting national contributions to Aichi Targets
  • A3: Involve all relevant stakeholders
  • A4: Assess the costs/benefits of ecosystem restoration
  • A5: Assess institutional, policy, and legal frameworks & identify financial/technical resources
  • A6: Identify options to reduce the drivers biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation
  • B1: Review, improve or establish legal, policy and financial frameworks for restoration
  • B4: Review, improve or establish terrestrial and marine spatial planning processes
  • B5: Consider the need for safeguard measures
  • B6: Review, improve or establish targets, policies and strategies for ecosystem restoration
  • B8: Promote economic and financial incentives
  • B10: Promote and support capacity-building, training, and technology transfer
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Sylvan Lake Avon-by-the-Sea, NJ

Country: United States of America

Abstract: Sylvan lake is one of a series nine "coastal lakes" which historically discharged into the Atlantic Ocean. Along a strip of Monmouth County, NJ, these lakes form the boundaries of the towns.  Sylvan Lake divides Avon on the south with Bradley Beach to the north.  A valve is shut to the ocean, so the lake has reverted to freshwater.  The town of Avon bid this project to convert hard retaining wall to natural living...
STAPER categories:
  • A3: Involve all relevant stakeholders
  • A6: Identify options to reduce the drivers biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management