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Resources

36 matching resources found.

A toolkit to support conservation by indigenous peoples and local communities: Building capacity and sharing knowledge for Indigenous Peoples’ and Community Conserved Territories and Areas (ICCAs)

Abstract:

The UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre has a toolkit to support conservation by indigenous peoples and local communities.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This toolkit is focused on building capacity and sharing knowledge for Indigenous Peoples’ and Community Conserved Territories and Areas (ICCAs), in line with activity C1.

Resource Type:White Paper
Publication Date: 2013
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration

Atlas of Living Australia

Abstract:

The Atlas of Living Australia (ALA) is a collaborative, digital, open infrastructure that pulls together Australian biodiversity data from multiple sources, making it accessible and reusable. The ALA helps to create a more detailed picture of Australia’s biodiversity for scientists, policy makers, environmental planners and land managers, industry and the general public, and enables them to work more efficiently.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
The Atlas of Living Australia website can be used together with the Climate Change in Australia website to identify potential tolerance of species used in restoration to future conditions, in line with activity C2.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production

Best practices for implementing forest landscape restoration in South Asia: An international knowledge sharing workshop

Abstract:

In 2018, the Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment and Forest Department, Sri Lanka, in cooperation with the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) and others, members of the Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) held a knowledge-sharing workshop on best practices in implementing forest landscape restoration in South Asian countries.

The workshop aimed at:

  • Sharing and discussing lessons from current state-of-the-art scientific and technical knowledge on FLR both at global and regional scales;
  • Connecting FLR experts in South Asia and further stimulating exchanges of information, thus providing feedback into national and global FLR policy initiatives such as the Bonn Challenge process;
  • Identifying challenges of current land management and impediments to sustainable land management and ecosystem functionality across the region; and
  • Contributing to the development of a regional FLR implementation strategy in support of continuous sub-regional learning, sharing of experiences and FLR practice improvements.

This webpage houses a summary of the workshop conclusions, as well as all of the workshop presentations.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2018
STAPER categories:
  • A2: Identify/prioritize locations for meeting national contributions to Aichi Targets
  • A3: Involve all relevant stakeholders
  • A5: Assess institutional, policy, and legal frameworks & identify financial/technical resources
  • B6: Review, improve or establish targets, policies and strategies for ecosystem restoration
  • B10: Promote and support capacity-building, training, and technology transfer
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Climate Change in Australia website

Abstract:

Climate Change in Australia (CCIA) is a comprehensive website and suite of reports providing information about climate change projections for Australia. This body of work updates the previous CCIA research published in 2007.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
The Climate Change in Australia website can be used together with the Atlas of Living Australia website to identify potential tolerance of species used in restoration to future conditions, in line with activity C2.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production

Ecological Restoration Alliance of Botanic Gardens

Abstract:

Botanic Gardens Conservation International hosts the Ecological Restoration Alliance of Botanic Gardens (ERA), through which members share the skills, resources and plant materials of Botanic Gardens to scale up restoration activities around the world.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
The ERA website contains many resources relevant to Group of activities C. Of particular importance for activity C1 are an expertise directory, helpful in identifying appropriate measures for restoration, and the Species Recovery Manual, which can be used to boost plant biodiversity within restoration projects. Project descriptions provide many examples of restoration implementation (C5), and contribute to sharing lessons learned, in line with activity D3.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Ecological Restoration for Protected Areas: Principles, Guidelines and Best Practice

Abstract:

IUCN, SER and partners published Ecological Restoration for Protected Areas: Principles, Guidelines and Best Practices, which provides guidance for terrestrial, marine, and freshwater protected area managers at both system and site levels on the restoration of natural and associated values of protected areas.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This comprehensive guidance can assist with identifying appropriate restoration measures (C1), developing restoration plans (C3), developing tasks, schedules and budgets (C4), and project implementation (C5). It is also relevant regarding activities in Group D, monitoring.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2012
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism (FLRM) Knowledge Base

Abstract:

This knowledge base provides access to a comprehensive database of resources related to forest and landscape restoration in a wide range of aspects. More specifically, it provides access to an online user-friendly platform where users can find guidance from planning and implementation to the ongoing management and monitoring of a restoration project.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This resource includes information on many aspects of FLR including assessment of degradation / restoration opportunities (activities A1 and A2), governance (activities B1 and B6), and implementation (activity C5), and monitoring (Group D). Documents such as Global guidelines for the restoration of degraded forests and landscapes in drylands, outline monitoring and evaluation programs including assessment (D1), adaptive management (D2), and sharing lessons learned (D3).

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • A1: Assess degraded ecosystems
  • A2: Identify/prioritize locations for meeting national contributions to Aichi Targets
  • B1: Review, improve or establish legal, policy and financial frameworks for restoration
  • B6: Review, improve or establish targets, policies and strategies for ecosystem restoration
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Implementing forest landscape restoration: A practitioner’s guide

Abstract:

Recognizing the challenge of implementing high-level FLR pledges, and realizing that obtaining results on the ground will confront many context-specific questions, a team of scientists from relevant IUFRO units has prepared this guide. This guide is intended to be a training resource for FLR facilitators who have a broad approach to land management. This guide addresses FLR implementation as a whole but with a view toward climate change mitigation and adaptation; only if the landscape is changing and FLR is successful will climate benefits materialise.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This publication has broad applicability to Groups of activities C and D with regard to projects implemented within the FLR framework.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2017
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

International standards for the practice of ecological restoration, 1st edition (Archived – outdated)

Abstract:

*** NOTE: This document, International Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration, has been superseded by the 2nd edition. ***

The first edition includes Principles and Key Concepts (hereafter, the Standards), provides standards to guide practitioners, operational personnel, planners, managers, regulators and funding agencies involved in restoring degraded ecosystems anywhere in the world – whether terrestrial, freshwater, coastal or marine. It places ecological restoration into a global context, including its role in conserving biodiversity and improving human wellbeing. The key principles and concepts underpinning the Standards further develop definitions, principles and concepts contained in the SER Primer (www.ser.org), other SER foundation documents (including Keenleyside et al. 2012), and the SER Australasia-developed standards (McDonald et al. 2016). The Standards expand these conceptual frameworks to clarify the degree of recovery represented by ‘ecological restoration’ in times of global changes including anthropogenic climate change and other rapid environmental changes.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2016
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

International standards for the practice of ecological restoration, 2nd edition

Abstract:

The second edition of the International Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration was released on September 27, 2019, in Cape Town, South Africa at SER’s 8th World Conference on Ecological Restoration. This groundbreaking publication provides updated and expanded guidance on the practice of ecological restoration, clarifies the breadth of ecological restoration and allied environmental repair activities, and includes ideas and input from a diverse international group of restoration scientists and practitioners.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
The Standards provide information on the planning, implementation, monitoring and maintenance of ecological restoration projects in all types of ecosystems worldwide, providing key guidance for Groups of activities C and D. This resource stresses the importance of early, genuine and active engagement with stakeholders and emphasizes the use of appropriate native species in line with activity C1. Guidance can also be applied to allied restorative activities, including a wide array of nature-based solutions, in line with C2. Section 3 outlines a series of steps used to develop clear objectives and tasks for each step of a plan, in line with activities, C3 and C4. An appendix provides information on the selection of seeds and other propagules in the context of fragmentation and climate change, helpful for activity C2. The Standards also contain guidance for the monitoring of restoration projects. This guidance includes a tiered system from 1 to 5 stars to evaluate progress of a restoration project (D1) along a trajectory toward a reference model by assessing six key ecological attributes: species composition, structural diversity, ecosystem function, external exchanges, absence of threats, and physical conditions. An ‘ecological recovery wheel’, available online and as an Android app provides a framework to communicate restoration progress (D3). The SER Standards also provide a sample 'Social Benefits Wheel' to help assess and communicate the delivery of ecosystem services by restoration projects, in line with activities D1 and D3.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

ITTO Guidelines for the Restoration, Management and Rehabilitation of Degraded and Secondary Tropical Forests

Abstract:

These guidelines provide a powerful introduction to the issues confronting the policy-makers, forest practitioners, extension workers and others who want to restore and manage degraded or secondary forests. They stress that the policy, legal and social conditions in and outside the forest must be analyzed and addressed before restoration, management and rehabilitation activities are decided on. They point out that many people have a stake in the forest and any restoration, management or rehabilitation efforts must be made with their full participation. Land tenure issues must be resolved, and transparent mechanisms for sorting out conflicts over property and access rights must be established. Silvicultural techniques that can be understood and implemented by owners of small areas of forest need to be developed.

Resource Type:White Paper
Publication Date: 2002
STAPER categories:
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets

Lacandon Maya Forest Management: Restoration of Soil Fertility Using Native Tree Species

Abstract:

In southern Mexico, where rainforests are being degraded rapidly, the Lacandon Maya use an agroforestry system that both restores and conserves the rainforest. Their system cycles through field and fallow stages that produce food, medicines, and raw materials, and regenerates tall secondary forest. This investigation identified plants managed by Lacandon to restore soil fertility during fallow. Our research shows that the Lacandon are cognizant of the natural abilities of certain species to fulfill the restoration needs in their systems. It demonstrates that Maya agroforestry and local knowledge could contribute to efforts to conserve and restore rainforests, and reduce deforestation by accelerating fallow in tropical agriculture.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2006
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration

Large-Scale Ecological Restoration of High-Diversity Tropical Forests in SE Brazil

Abstract:

We propose that plantations should be carried out with a high-diversity of native species in order to create biologically viable restored forests, and to assist long-term biodiversity persistence at the landscape scale. Finally, we propose strategies to integrate the political, socio-economic and methodological aspects needed to upscale restoration efforts in tropical forest regions throughout Latin America and elsewhere.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2011
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration

Low-tech process based restoration of riverscapes design manual

Abstract:

The purpose of this design manual is to provide restoration practitioners with guidelines for implementing a subset of low-tech tools—namely beaver dam analogues (BDAs) and post-assisted log structures (PALS)—for initiating process-based restoration in structurally-starved riverscapes. While the concept of process-based restoration in riverscapes has been advocated for at least two decades, details and specific examples on how to implement it remain sparse. Here, we describe ‘low-tech process-based restoration’ (LT-PBR) as a practice of using simple, low unit-cost, structural additions (e.g. wood and beaver dams) to riverscapes to mimic functions and initiate specific processes. Hallmarks of this approach include:

  • An explicit focus on the processes that a low-tech restoration intervention is meant to promote
  • A conscious effort to use cost-effective, low-tech treatments (e.g. hand-built, natural materials, non-engineered, short-term design life-spans) because of the need to efficiently scale-up application.
  • ‘Letting the system do the work’ which defers critical decision making to riverscapes and nature’s ecosystem engineers
Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures

National standards for the practice of ecological restoration in Australia

Abstract:

This document identifies the need and purpose of ecological restoration and explains its relationships with other forms of environmental repair. The Standards identifies the principles underpinning restoration philosophies and methods, and outlines the steps required to plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate a restoration project to increase the likelihood of its success. The Standards are relevant to – and can be interpreted for – a wide spectrum of projects ranging from minimally resourced community projects to large-scale, well funded industry or government projects.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This document contains an appendix on genetics, fragmentation and climate change, and implications for the restoration of indigenous ecosystems. This is in line with activity C2.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2016
STAPER categories:
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production

Partnering with Nature: The case for natural regeneration in forest and landscape restoration

Abstract:

Natural regeneration is a cost-effective, nature-based tool for restoration that enhances resilience, supports local biodiversity, and supplies multiple ecosystem goods and services. However, for social, cultural and economic reasons, the potential of natural regeneration for achieving large-scale restoration objectives and climate mitigation targets is often overlooked. This information brief makes specific recommendations for policy changes that could enhance the role of natural regeneration in ecological restoration interventions and as an integral component of forest and landscape restoration.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This policy brief describes the potential for natural regeneration, identifies areas where it might be most appropriate, in line with activity C1, and discusses policy changes needed to facilitate its implementation, consistent with activity B1.

Resource Type:White Paper
Publication Date: 2017
STAPER categories:
  • B1: Review, improve or establish legal, policy and financial frameworks for restoration
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration

Potential Natural Vegetation of Eastern Africa (VECEA)

Abstract:

The potential natural vegetation (PNV) map of eastern and southern Africa covers the countries Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia. The map is available in different formats and is accompanied by an extensive documentation of the floristic, physiognomic and other characteristics of the different vegetation types and useful woody species in the 8 countries. It is complemented by a species selection tool, which can be used to ‘find the right tree for the right place,’ an African Tree Finder app, and potential distribution maps of the useful woody species that occur in eastern Africa.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
In combination, these tools can contribute to understanding baseline conditions, assessing opportunities for restoration, and selecting appropriate plant species for restoration projects, in line with activities C1, C2, and C3.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2012
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  

Protocol Development Tool (PDT) for seed encrusting and pelleting

Abstract:

Seed encrusting and pelleting are seed coating technologies that increase seed size and weight, improving handling, consistency in seed delivery and providing active ingredients for seed protection and enhancement. Though widely used for crop and vegetable seeds, with an estimated value of more than a billion dollars per annum globally, the know-how and methodologies are rarely disclosed by the commercial seed industry sector. As a result, it is difficult to reproduce specific seed coatings for research and comparative evaluation. For small seed producers, particularly the emerging native seed sector, seed enhancement technologies are either unavailable or rarely adopted due to their inaccessibility. Here, we present the first fully disclosed Protocol Development Tool (PDT) for seed pelleting and encrusting. The PDT is customisable, applicable to a wide range of agricultural, horticultural and restoration purposes, and adaptable to suit a variety of seeds and coating materials. The PDT will allow researchers and seed suppliers to test and develop project-specific pelleting and encrusting methods within a standardised and replicable framework.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2018
STAPER categories:
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native grassland in the Foothills Fescue, Foothills Parkland and Montane natural subregions of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region has been significantly modified by land use practices.  The black Chernozemic soils and rough fescue plant communities typical of the Foothills Fescue, Foothills Parkland and Montane Natural Sub-regions (FFPM) are extremely difficult to restore once disturbed due to the prevalence of invasive species in the region and a shortage of suitable reclamation plant materials. Avoidance and minimizing topsoil disturbance are critical to minimize further loss of these communities to development in the FFPM.

This manual describes tools for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, sourcing plant materials and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained, including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native plant materials, then maintaining the pathway through adaptive management. Appendices include suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites and ecosites common in the FFPM.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2018
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native grassland in the Northern Fescue natural subregion of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region is significantly modified by land use practices. Much of the native grassland in the Northern Fescue Natural Sub-region (NF) has been lost to cultivation and fragmented by industrial activity and roads. Soils and climate of the NF promote the spread of invasive non-native plants when soils are disturbed. This document identifies strategies designed retain and restore NF grassland plant communities following industrial disturbance.

The manual describes tools available for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, natural recovery and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native seed, then maintaining the pathway using invasive plant and grazing management, and long-term monitoring. Appendices include a summary of regional reclamation studies and suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites common in the NF.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2017
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native prairie in the Dry Mixedgrass natural subregion of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region has been significantly modified by land use practices.  The semi-arid climate of the Dry Mixedgrass Natural Subregion (DMG) supports native plant communities adapted to drought. Minimizing soil disturbance and natural recovery are often the most effective strategies for restoring DMG native plant communities. This document identifies strategies designed to retain and restore native grassland plant communities following disturbance in the DMG. This manual describes tools for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, natural recovery and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained, including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native seed, then maintaining the pathway using invasive plant and grazing management, and long-term monitoring. Appendices include a summary of regional reclamation studies and suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites common in the DMG.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2013
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Recovery strategies for industrial development in native prairie in the Mixedgrass natural subregion of Alberta

Abstract:

Alberta’s Grassland Natural Region is significantly modified by land use practices.  The soils and climate of the Mixedgrass Natural Sub-region (MG) promote the spread of invasive plants when soil is disturbed. Minimizing soil disturbance and natural recovery are often the most effective strategies for restoring MG plant communities. This document identifies strategies designed to retain and restore native plant communities following industrial disturbance in the MG.

This manual describes tools for planning native grassland retention and restoration, including pre-disturbance planning and recovery strategies, such as minimal disturbance, buffers, natural recovery and native seed mix design. Implementing a strategy is explained including site preparation, soil amendments and procuring native seed, then maintaining the pathway using invasive plant and grazing management, and long-term monitoring. Appendices include a summary of regional reclamation studies and suitable seed mixes to develop target plant communities for ecological range sites common in the MG.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2014
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources

Abstract:

The Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetics Resources (RNGR) website is a popular resource for those who grow or outplant native plants for reforestation, restoration, or conservation. The site hosts a national directory of forestry and conservation nurseries, a calendar of relevant events, and access to a repository of approximately 15,000 articles  (searchable and free to download). The site also includes pages specific to tropical plants, tribal nurseries, and seed.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • C5: Implement the measures

ResTOOL

Abstract:

Bioversity International and a number of collaborators in Colombia produced ResTOOL, an innovative online tool to select climate ready trees and seed sources for tropical dry forest restoration. ResTOOL also takes into account climate change when choosing appropriate material, and includes information about the propagation of more than 300 tree species.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This resource is relevant for the implementation of activity C1 in that it provides a tool for selecting the appropriate tree species and seed sources for tropical dry forest restoration in Colombia. Furthermore, it aids the selection of tree species that would be best considering predicted environmental and climate changes, in line with activity C2.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production

Restoration Evidence

Abstract:

Restoration Evidence is a free resource developed by the Endangered Landscapes Programme that aims to make ecological restoration more effective by providing evidence about the effectiveness of specific restoration actions. The searchable website contains summaries of scientific research on the effects of actions to restore habitats, in order to support decision making. Actions are categorized by the target habitat or species. Summaries of evidence are available for the ecological restoration of forests, peatland vegetation, shrublands and heathlands, and farmland, and for restoration actions aimed at enhancing populations of birds, amphibians, bees, bats and primates.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This resource is particularly relevant for Activity C1 in that it helps assess the ecological appropriateness of different restoration measures for different ecosystems or particular taxonomic groups. Its grounding in scientific research also makes us of existing science, in line with Activity C5.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: launched in 2018
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C5: Implement the measures

Restoration Resource Center (RRC)

Abstract:

SER’s Restoration Resource Center (RRC) provides hundreds of examples of restoration projects, as well links to science, technology and traditional knowledge about restoration from around the world. A wide variety of other resources to assist with restoration planning can also be found on the SER website.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
The RRC contains many resources relevant to Group of activities C and D. Of particular importance for is a restoration directory of expertise, and a resource database that can be filtered by publication year, resources type, title, author, and keyword. A project database provides many examples of restoration implementation (C5), and contribute to sharing lessons learned, in line with activity D3.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Restoration Resource Center: A New Tool for Restorationists

Abstract:

In development for more than a year, the Restoration Resource Center (RRC) is an online platform for exchanging knowledge and experience through ecological restoration projects, publications, and other resources from around the world. Levi Wickwire presents the RRC, including an overview of its history as well as a tutorial of how to search and submit resources to the database. A searchable, crowd-sourced database, it already includes over 215 projects and 2,000 resources ranging from peer-reviewed articles to technical manuals and webinars.

Resource Type:Webinar
Publication Date: 2018
STAPER categories:
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Roadside revegetation: An integrated approach to establishing native plants and pollinator habitat

Abstract:

The roadsides of the United States play an important role in the conservation of declining wild pollinators and in supporting the health of managed pollinators. The An Integrated Approach to Establishing Native Plants and Pollinator Habitat program provides current best practices for planning, designing, and implementing a revegetation project that will also create habitat for pollinators. The web resource offers a comprehensive Roadside Revegetation Report detailing the complete roadside revegetation process, from project initiation, through monitoring and management. It is also home to the Ecoregional Revegetation Application online tool and a Roadside Revegetation online library.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Science Base and Tools for Evaluating Stream Engineering, Management, and Restoration Proposals

Abstract:

Stream management activities, even well-intentioned restoration efforts, have all too often degraded aquatic ecosystems. Site- and reach-scale habitat improvement projects have become the default solution to many habitat deficiencies and constraints, and are often planned and implemented without proper consideration of their landscape context, process drivers, or geomorphic fitness. Failure to recognize these broader scale concerns may lead to poor project selection and increased potential for project failure. To address these issues, we developed a suite of River Restoration Analysis Tool (RiverRAT) resources to guide more efficient, consistent, and comprehensive reviews of stream management and restoration proposals. Resources help determine the depth of review required, assure that a project proposal is complete, and guide reviewers through a thorough and scientifically sound project review. The RiverRAT Science Document and its Appendices provide a comprehensive synthesis of science behind stream management and restoration project development.
The ultimate, long-term goals of RiverRAT include:
• Enabling consistent, comprehensive, transparent, and documented project reviews;
• facilitating improved project planning and design;
• encouraging projects that are attuned to their watershed and geomorphic context; and
• improving the science and technology of stream restoration and management.

Resource Type:Technical Document
Publication Date: 2011
STAPER categories:
  • B4: Review, improve or establish terrestrial and marine spatial planning processes
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Seedlot Selection Tool

Abstract:

In North America, web-based tools to identify whether species at sites will still be suited to future climate conditions include the Seedlot Selection Tool, produced by a collaboration between the US Forest Service, Oregon State University, and the Conservation Biology Institute.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This tool is in line with activity C2.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production

SER Certified Ecological Restoration Practitioner (CERP) Program

Abstract:

SER’s Certified Ecological Restoration Practitioner (CERP) Program encourages a high professional standard for those who are designing, implementing, overseeing, and monitoring restoration projects throughout the world.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
By developing criteria for restoration practitioners to be approved for CERP, and continuing education requirements for maintenance or certification, the CERP program contributes to activity B10. Certified practitioners, in turn, can contribute to activities C1, C3, C4, and C5 regarding restoration planning and implementation, and activities D1, D2, and D3 regarding project monitoring.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: Ongoing
STAPER categories:
  • B10: Promote and support capacity-building, training, and technology transfer
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management
  • D3: Share lessons learned from planning, financing, implementing and monitoring ecosystem restoration plans

Spatial decision-support tools to guide restoration and seed-sourcing in the Desert Southwest

Abstract:

Altered disturbance regimes and shifting climates have increased the need for large‐scale restoration treatments across the western United States. Seed‐sourcing remains a considerable challenge for revegetation efforts, particularly on public lands where policy favors the use of native, locally sourced plant material to avoid maladaptation. An important area of emphasis for public agencies has been the development of spatial tools to guide selection of genetically appropriate seed. When genetic information is not available, current seed transfer guidelines stipulate use of climate‐based or provisional seed transfer zones, which serve as a proxy for local adaptation by representing climate gradients to which plants are commonly adapted. Despite this guidance, little emphasis has been placed on identifying best practices for deriving provisional seed zones or on incorporating predictions from future climate. We describe a flexible, multivariate procedure for deriving such zones that incorporates a broad range of climatic characteristics while accounting for covariation among climate variables. With this approach, we derive provisional seed zones for four regions in the Desert Southwest (the Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert, Colorado Plateau, and Southern Great Basin). To facilitate future‐resilient restoration designs, we project each zone into its relative position in the future climate based on near‐term, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 emissions scenarios. Although provisional seed zones are useful in a variety of contexts, there are also situations in which site‐specific guidance is preferable. To meet this need, we implement Climate Distance Mapper, an interactive decision‐support tool designed to help practitioners match seed sources with restoration sites through an accessible online interface. The application allows users to rank the suitability of seed sources anywhere on the landscape based on multivariate climate distances. Users can perform calculations for either the current or future climates. Additionally, tools are available to guide sample effort in regional‐scale seed collections or to partition the landscape into climate clusters representing suitable planting sites for different seed sources. Our tools and analytic procedures represent a flexible and reproducible framework for advancing native plant development programs in the Desert Southwest and beyond.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2018
STAPER categories:
  • B4: Review, improve or establish terrestrial and marine spatial planning processes
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration

Standards for Ecologically Successful River Restoration

Abstract:

Billions of dollars are currently spent restoring streams and rivers, yet to date there are no agreed upon standards for what constitutes ecologically beneficial stream and river restoration. We propose five criteria that must be met for a river restoration project to be considered ecologically successful. It is critical that the broad restoration community, including funding agencies, practitioners and citizen restoration groups, adopt criteria for defining and assessing ecological success in restoration. Standards are needed because progress in the science and practice of river restoration has been hampered by the lack of agreed upon criteria for judging ecological success. Without well-accepted criteria that are ultimately supported by funding and implementing agencies, there is little incentive for practitioners to assess and report restoration outcomes. Improving methods and weighing the ecological benefits of various restoration approaches require organized national-level reporting systems.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2005
STAPER categories:
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets

The Ecological Restoration Alliance of Botanic Gardens: A new initiative takes root

Abstract:

An international consortium of botanic gardens and arboreta is launching a collaborative Ecological Restora- tion Alliance under the auspices of BGCI (Botanic Gardens Conservation International). We describe the Alliance and the ways in which it serves worldwide restoration efforts.

Resource Type:Peer-reviewed Article
Publication Date: 2014
STAPER categories:
  • C5: Implement the measures

The Nature Conservancy Water Funds Toolbox

Abstract:

Water Funds are organizations that take collective action to help address water insecurity. They design and enhance financial and governance mechanisms which unite public, private and civil society stakeholders around a common goal to contribute to water security through nature-based solutions and sustainable watershed management. This toolbox has been developed by Water Funds experts to help leaders succeed in developing Water Funds. This web-based toolbox has a variety of resources including a step-by-step guide, a curriculum, and access to a global community of Water Funds.

Resource Type:Web-based Resource
Publication Date: 2019
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures

The state of the world’s forest genetic resources – Genetic considerations in ecosystem restoration using native tree species

Abstract:

This report reviews the evidence that genetic diversity plays a critical role in seedling survival and adaptation of forests to environmental change and discusses the advantage of using native tree species over exotic species for meeting conservation and sustainable development goals. The report provides fundamental information for the achievement of knowledge-based ecosystem restoration using native tree species. It draws attention to the importance of embedding genetic considerations in restoration activities, an aspect which is often overlooked both by restoration scientists and practitioners.

Relevance for the Short Term Action Plan for Ecosystem Restoration:
This resource is particularly relevant for the implementation of Activity C1, under which appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration should be identified taking into account ecological appropriateness and the use of native species.

Resource Type:White Paper
Publication Date: 2014
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration

Projects

13 matching projects found.

Brazil: Save the Good Water of Xingu – Y Ikatu Xingu

Country: Brazil

Abstract: Xingu is a famous name due to to the cultural richness of its original inhabitants where the Amazon forest and Cerrado merge in Brazil. There dwell 24 indigenous groups who live, drink, bathe and fish in Xingu river and tributaries. Pollution, silting and deregulation of water flow due to deforestation around Indigenous Territories and conversion to agricultural use, threaten the survival of this people and the sustainability of modern agriculture itself in the region (Figure 1). The Campaign...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures

Canada: Nova Scotia: Cheverie Creek Salt Marsh Restoration Project

Country: Canada

Abstract: The Cheverie Creek Salt Marsh Restoration Project began as a pilot project for the province of Nova Scotia and is the first such restoration effort to be undertaken there. Aiming to restore tidal flow to Cheverie Creek, project staff coordinated the replacement of an existing, undersized culvert in the Highway-215 causeway with a larger aluminum culvert that allows greater tidal flooding of the ecosystem. It is hoped that restoring the hydrologic integrity of the site will yield more vibrant...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures

Denmark: Skjern River Restoration

Country: Denmark

Abstract: The Skjern River Nature Project is one of the largest restoration projects in northern Europe. This project, implemented through the Danish Ministry of Environment and Energy, restored a river valley that was drastically altered in the 1960s by an ambitious drainage project designed to convert a boggy mosaic of meadows, lakes, and reedbeds into arable land for cultivation. The once-meandering river had been straightened and channelized, and the valley's rich diversity of habitats all but...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures

Ecohydrological restoration of Burns Bog, British Columbia, Canada

Country: Canada

Abstract: Burns Bog is a 3,000 ha raised bog located in southwest British Columbia, Canada. Beginning in the 1930s, the bog underwent 50 years of industrial peat extraction, resulting in an extensive network of drainage ditches that lowered the water table and allowed the establishment of trees and other non-bog plant species. Much of the original margin of the bog has been converted to other land uses, such as industrial operations and agriculture. In 2004, Burns Bog was purchased by four levels of...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan
  • D2: Adjust plans, expectations, procedures, and monitoring through adaptive management

Healthy Forest, Healthy Wildlife: The Wilds, Cumberland, Ohio

Country: United States of America

Abstract: The Wilds is a non-profit center dedicated to environmental conservation through science, education, and visitor personal experience. While The Wilds is most well-known for its exotic animals, most of The Wilds' land is actually devoted to native conservation and restoration after agriculture and surface mining for coal in the late 20th century removed most of the region's forests. Sections mined before 1976 tended to be reclaimed as forest and often have poorly developed soils with...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan

Kenya: Ecological restoration in the sub-afromontane region of Kenya

Country: Kenya

Abstract: The project aims to maintain the largest collection of cultivated native plant species in East Africa and to be a source of both restoration expertise and propagative material for other reforestation projects in the sub-afromontane region of Kenya. Plants for Life International is aiming to create a unique example of a model indigenous forest for the region with increased plant biodiversity. The project will support replanting of new areas of forest with native trees, clearing of invasive...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C2: Consider how restoration can support sustainability of agriculture/production
  • C5: Implement the measures

Lebanon: Identifying biodiversity-related success factors of ecological restoration projects

Country: Lebanon

Abstract: The project focuses on determining biodiversity-related success factors of ecological restoration projects in a biodiversity hotspot of Lebanon, Mount Lebanon.  It will consider the role of wildlife in ecological restoration processes, by studying what different animals disperse, in relation to different plant species over different time frames.  Diverse plants that can sustain wildlife year round will be identified to promote the sustainability of the restored ecosystem and its natural...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures

Mexico: Los Tuxtlas Tropical Forest Restoration

Country: Mexico

Abstract: The Los Tuxtlas project was started with the hypothesis that planting seedlings of interior forest species after land abandonment could sharply accelerate the process of re-vegetation of complex communities. Pioneer stands or monocultural plantations may be enriched with seedlings of late-successional animal-dispersed trees, or initial plantings could be mixes of late-successional and pioneer species. This project sets criteria for selecting species for enrichment and in some cases for...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures

South Korea: Restoration of the Cheonggyecheon River in Downtown Seoul

Country: Korea

Abstract: Since the 1970s, the Cheonggyecheon River in downtown Seoul, South Korea was covered by a busy, multi-lane roadway and elevated highway. An engineering survey conducted in 2000 revealed structural weaknesses in these roads and indicated a need for a costly renovation project. In lieu of investing in this congested traffic infrastructure, the Seoul City Government opted to demolish the roads and restore flow to the river in order to improve the environmental and aesthetic state of the downtown...
STAPER categories:
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C4: Develop explicit implementation tasks, schedules, and budgets
  • C5: Implement the measures

United Kingdom: Scotland: Wet Woods LIFE Project to Restore Bog Woodland and Residual Alluvial Forest

Country: United Kingdom

Abstract: The Wet Woods LIFE Project was funded through the European Union's LIFE Nature Programme as a series of conservation initiatives on two priority habitats known collectively as 'wet woods'. The broad aim of the project is to restore and enhance some of the most important areas of bog woodland and floodplain woodland in the United Kingdom, being located on or adjacent to four candidate Special Areas of Conservation (cSAC) designated for these habitats under the EU Habitats Directive: Monadh Mor...
STAPER categories:
  • A2: Identify/prioritize locations for meeting national contributions to Aichi Targets
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration

USA: New Jersey: Mount Rose Preserve Forest Restoration Project

Country: United States of America

Abstract: The Mount Rose Preserve Forest Restoration Project is sited within an area of the Mount Rose Preserve in Hopewell, NJ, comprised of forests over a hundred years old but with a very limited forest understory due to deer overbrowse. The primary restoration goal is to re-establish a diverse, structurally complex understory such as found within the target reference ecosystem. A secondary goal is to innovate and communicate locally appropriate forest restoration practices. Additional goals include...
STAPER categories:
  • C5: Implement the measures
  • D1: Assess the efficacy and effects of implementing the ecosystem restoration plan

Vietnam: Mangrove Restoration in Can Gio (Ho Chi Minh City)

Country: Vietnam

Abstract: Can Gio Mangroves cover an area of about 38,750 ha and occupy 54,2% of the total natural land of the district. In the second Indochina war, the dense mangroves were severely destroyed by bombs and herbicides sprayed. Many animals were killed or migrated to other areas. Severe erosion was observed in the dead mangrove areas and along the river banks. A large area of bare land has turned into acid sulfate soil. Rehabilitation is a joint effort of Ho Chi Minh City's people. An extensive...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures

Vietnam: Wetlands Restoration in the Tram Chim National Park (Dong Thap Province)

Country: Vietnam

Abstract: The Plain of Reeds was a vast freshwater floodplain ecosystem along the Mekong River delta in southern Vietnam. This area used to remain covered with shallow water (30 - 100 cm) for 3 to 6 months during the rainy season. This area has been changed due to human activities such as irrigation canals and agriculture. During the American-Vietnam war, this area was drained by the U.S. army so that it could be dried and burned to reduce cover. This effort destroyed the natural flood cycle of the...
STAPER categories:
  • C1: Identify appropriate measures for conducting ecosystem restoration
  • C3: Develop ecosystem restoration plans with clear/measurable objectives and goals  
  • C5: Implement the measures